Commit 9954a158 authored by Phil Dennis-Jordan's avatar Phil Dennis-Jordan Committed by Paolo Bonzini

x86-KVM: Supply TSC and APIC clock rates to guest like VMWare

This fixes timekeeping of x86-64 Darwin/OS X/macOS guests when using KVM.

Darwin/OS X/macOS for x86-64 uses the TSC for timekeeping; it normally calibrates this by querying various clock frequency scaling MSRs. Details depend on the exact CPU model detected. The local APIC timer frequency is extracted from (EFI) firmware.

This is problematic in the presence of virtualisation, as the MSRs in question are typically not handled by the hypervisor. VMWare (Fusion) advertises TSC and APIC frequency via a custom 0x40000010 CPUID leaf, in the eax and ebx registers respectively. This is documented at among other places.

Darwin/OS X/macOS looks for the generic 0x40000000 hypervisor leaf, and if this indicates via eax that leaf 0x40000010 might be available, that is in turn queried for the two frequencies.

This adds a CPU option "vmware-cpuid-freq" to enable the same behaviour when running Qemu with KVM acceleration, if the KVM TSC frequency can be determined, and it is stable. (invtsc or user-specified) The virtualised APIC bus cycle is hardcoded to 1GHz in KVM, so ebx of the CPUID leaf is also hardcoded to this value.
Signed-off-by: 's avatarPhil Dennis-Jordan <>
Message-Id: <>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarPaolo Bonzini <>
parent c4c41a0a
......@@ -3658,6 +3658,7 @@ static Property x86_cpu_properties[] = {
DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("cpuid-0xb", X86CPU, enable_cpuid_0xb, true),
DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("lmce", X86CPU, enable_lmce, false),
DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("l3-cache", X86CPU, enable_l3_cache, true),
DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("vmware-cpuid-freq", X86CPU, vmware_cpuid_freq, false),
......@@ -1214,6 +1214,10 @@ struct X86CPU {
bool host_features;
uint32_t apic_id;
/* Enables publishing of TSC increment and Local APIC bus frequencies to
* the guest OS in CPUID page 0x40000010, the same way that VMWare does. */
bool vmware_cpuid_freq;
/* if true the CPUID code directly forward host cache leaves to the guest */
bool cache_info_passthrough;
......@@ -982,12 +982,6 @@ int kvm_arch_init_vcpu(CPUState *cs)
cpuid_data.cpuid.padding = 0;
r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl(cs, KVM_SET_CPUID2, &cpuid_data);
if (r) {
goto fail;
r = kvm_arch_set_tsc_khz(cs);
if (r < 0) {
goto fail;
......@@ -1007,6 +1001,36 @@ int kvm_arch_init_vcpu(CPUState *cs)
if (cpu->vmware_cpuid_freq
/* Guests depend on 0x40000000 to detect this feature, so only expose
* it if KVM exposes leaf 0x40000000. (Conflicts with Hyper-V) */
&& cpu->expose_kvm
&& kvm_base == KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE
/* TSC clock must be stable and known for this feature. */
&& ((env->features[FEAT_8000_0007_EDX] & CPUID_APM_INVTSC)
|| env->user_tsc_khz != 0)
&& env->tsc_khz != 0) {
c = &cpuid_data.entries[cpuid_i++];
c->function = KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE | 0x10;
c->eax = env->tsc_khz;
/* LAPIC resolution of 1ns (freq: 1GHz) is hardcoded in KVM's
c->ebx = 1000000;
c->ecx = c->edx = 0;
c = cpuid_find_entry(&cpuid_data.cpuid, kvm_base, 0);
c->eax = MAX(c->eax, KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE | 0x10);
cpuid_data.cpuid.nent = cpuid_i;
cpuid_data.cpuid.padding = 0;
r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl(cs, KVM_SET_CPUID2, &cpuid_data);
if (r) {
goto fail;
if (has_xsave) {
env->kvm_xsave_buf = qemu_memalign(4096, sizeof(struct kvm_xsave));
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